Western College of Veterinary Medicine

Research Area(s)

  • Pathology and epidemiology of diseases in wildlife and fish

Academic Credentials

  • BSc (Honours), University of Saskatchewan, 1984
  • DVM (Distinction), University of Saskatchewan, 1988
  • DVSc (Pathology), Ontario Veterinary College, 1992

Research Interests

Dr. Bollinger specializes in the pathology and epidemiology diseases in wildlife and fishPathology and epidemiology of diseases in wildlife and fish. Dr. Bollinger's current work focuses on chronic wasting disease in deer and elk.

He is an associate professor in the WCVM's Department of Veterinary Pathology as well as a wildlife pathologist with the Canadian Wildlife Health Cooperative.


  • Liccioli, S., Stephens, T., Wilson, S.C., McPherson, J.M., Keating, L.M., Antonation, K.S., Bollinger, T.K., Corbett, C.R., Gummer, D.L., Lindsay, L.R., Galloway, T.D., Shury, T.K., Moehrenschlager, A.  2020.  Enzootic maintenance of sylvatic plague in Canada's threatened black-tailed prairie dog ecosystem.  Ecosphere, 11(5): e03138.  https://www.doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.3138

  • Davy, C.M., Donaldson, M.E., Subudhi, S., Rapin, N., Warnecke, L., Turner, J.M., Bollinger, T.K., Kyle, C.J., Dorville, N.A.S.-Y., Kunkel, E.L., Norquay, K.J.O., Dzal, Y.A., Willis, C.K.R., Misra, V.  2018.  White-nose syndrome is associated with increased replication of a naturally persisting coronaviruses in bats.  Scientific Reports, 8(1): 15508.  https://www.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-33975-x

  • Mejia-Salazar, M.F., Waldner, C.L., Hwang, Y.T., Bollinger, T.K.  2018.  Use of environmental sites by mule deer: A proxy for relative risk of chronic wasting disease exposure and transmission.  Ecosphere, 9(1): e02055.  https://www.doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2055

  • Subudhi, S., Rapin, N., Dorville, N., Hill, J.E., Town, J., Willis, C.K.R., Bollinger, T.K., Misra, V.  2018.  Isolation, characterization and prevalence of a novel Gammaherpesvirus in Eptesicus fuscus, the North American big brown bat.  Virology, 516: 227-238.  https://www.doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2018.01.024

  • Banerjee, A., Rapin, N., Bollinger, T., Misra, V.  2017.  Lack of inflammatory gene expression in bats: A unique role for a transcription repressor.  Scientific Reports, 7(1): 2232.  https://www.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-01513-w

  • Davy, C.M., Donaldson, M.E., Willis, C.K.R., Saville, B.J., McGuire, L.P., Mayberry, H., Wilcox, A., Wibbelt, G., Misra, V., Bollinger, T., Kyle, C.J.  2017.  The other white-nose syndrome transcriptome: Tolerant and susceptible hosts respond differently to the pathogen Pseudogymnoascus destructansEcology and Evolution, 7(18): 7161-7170.  https://www.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.3234

  • Karawita, A.C., Himsworth, C.G., Jayanthe Rajapakse, R.P.V., Bollinger, T.K., Gunawardena, P.S.  2017.  Toxocara pteropodis in free-ranging Indian flying foxes (Pteropus medius) in Sri Lanka.  Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 53(2): 414-416.  https://www.doi.org/10.7589/2016-07-170

  • Mejía-Salazar, M.F., Goldizen, A.W., Menz, C.S., Dwyer, R.G., Blomberg, S.P., Waldner, C.L., Cullingham, C.I., Bollinger, T.K.  2017.  Mule deer spatial association patterns and potential implications for transmission of an epizootic disease.  PLoS ONE, 12(4): e0175385.  https://www.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0175385

  • Subudhi, S., Rapin, N., Bollinger, T.K., Hill, J.E., Donaldson, M.E., Davy, C.M., Warnecke, L., Turner, J.M., Kyle, C.J., Willis, C.K.R., Misra, V.  2017.  A persistently infecting coronavirus in hibernating Myotis lucifugus, the North American little brown bat.  Journal of General Virology, 98(9): 2297-2309, 898.  https://www.doi.org/10.1099/jgv.0.000898

  • Weger, S., Elkin, B., Lindsay, R., Bollinger, T., Crichton, V., Andonov, A.  2017.  Hepatitis E virus seroprevalence in free-ranging deer in Canada.  Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 64(3): 1008-1011.  https://www.doi.org/10.1111/tbed.12462

  • Bohn, S.J., Turner, J.M., Warnecke, L., Mayo, C., McGuire, L.P., Misra, V., Bollinger, T.K., Willis, C.K.R.  2016.  Evidence of 'sickness behaviour' in bats with white-nose syndrome.  Behaviour, 153(8): 981-1003.  https://www.doi.org/10.1163/1568539X-00003384

  • Karawita, A.C., Perera, V.P., Perera, S., De Silva, D.S., Jayaweera, W.R., Himsworth, C.G., Bollinger, T.K., Gunawardena, P.S.  2016.  Calodium hepaticum in jungle cats (Felis chaus) in Sri Lanka.  Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 52(4): 971-972.  https://www.doi.org/10.7589/2016-02-046

  • McGuire, L.P., Turner, J.M., Warnecke, L., McGregor, G., Bollinger, T.K., Misra, V., Foster, J.T., Frick, W.F., Kilpatrick, A.M., Willis, C.K.R.  2016.  White-nose syndrome disease severity and a comparison of diagnostic methods.  EcoHealth, 13(1): 60-71.  https://www.doi.org/10.1007/s10393-016-1107-y

  • Nobert, B.R., Merrill, E.H., Pybus, M.J., Bollinger, T.K., Hwang, Y.T.  2016.  Landscape connectivity predicts chronic wasting disease risk in Canada.  Journal of Applied Ecology, 53(5): 1450-1459.  https://www.doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.12677

  • Salazar, M.F.M., Waldner, C., Stookey, J., Bollinger, T.K.  2016.  Infectious disease and grouping patterns in mule deer.  PLoS ONE, 11(3): e0150830.  https://www.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150830

  • Uehlinger, F.D., Johnston, A.C., Bollinger, T.K., Waldner, C.L.  2016.  Systematic review of management strategies to control chronic wasting disease in wild deer populations in North America.  BMC Veterinary Research, 12(1): 173.  https://www.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-016-0804-7

  • Karawita, A. C.,Rajapakse, R.C., Amarasiri, P.G.I.D., Ramanayake, R.M.T.M., Jayaweera, W.R., Bollinger, Trent K., Gunawardena, G.S.P.De.S. (2015) “Cecolic intussusception in an asian elephant (Elephas maximus) in Sri Lanka associated with chronic hepato-intestinal schistosomiasis: first case report” International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology 3(4): 744-746.

  • Scott, S. J. and T. K. Bollinger (2015). "The causes of eagle mortality in Saskatchewan, 1992-2012." Canadian Wildlife Biology and Management 4(1): 31-39

  • Kutz, S., T. K. Bollinger, M. Branigan, S. Checkley, T. Davison, M. Dumond, B. Elkin, T. Forde, W. Hutchins, A. Niptanatiak, K. Orsel (2015). "Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiaeassociated with recent widespread muskox mortalities in the Canadian Arctic." Canadian Veterinary Journal 56(6): 560-564

  • Rothenburger, J. L., K. R. Bennett, L. Bryan, T. K. Bollinger. (2015). "Septicemic listeriosis in wild hares from Saskatchewan, Canada." Journal of Wildlife Diseases51(2): 503-508.

  • Turner, J. M., L. Warnecke, A. Wilcox, D. Baloun, T. K. Bollinger, V. Misra, C. K. R. Willis. (2015). "Conspecific disturbance contributes to altered hibernation patterns in bats with white-nose syndrome." Physiology and Behaviour 140: 71-78.

  • Antonation, K. S., T. K. Shury, T. K. Bollinger, A. Olson, P. Mabon, G. Van Domselaar, C. R. Corbett. (2014). "Sylvatic Plague in a Canadian Black-Tailed Prairie Dog (Cynomys ludovicianus)." Journal of Wildlife Diseases 50(3): 699-702.

  • Lockerbie, B. P., T. K. Bollinger, H. J. Burgess. (2014). "Use of the polymerase chain reaction assay for the detection of Babesia odocoilei 18S ribosomal RNA in formalin-fixed tissues." Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 26(4): 538-541.

  • Rapin, N., K. Johns, L. Martin, L. Warnecke, J. Turner, T. Bollinger, C. Willis, J. Voyles, V. Misra. (2014). "Activation of innate immune response genes in Little Brown Bats (Myotis lucifigus) infected with the fungus Pseudogymnoascus destructans." PLoS One 9(11): e112285. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0112285.

  • Scott, S. J. and T. K. Bollinger (2014). "Flavobacterium columnare: an important contributing factor to fish die-offs in southern lakes of Saskatchewan, Canada."Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 26(6): 832-836.

  • Scott, S. J., M. J. Griffin, S. Quiniou, L. Khoo, T. K. Bollinger. (2014). "Myxobolus neurophilus Guilford 1963 (Myxosporea: Myxobolidae): a common parasite infecting yellow perch Perca flavacens (Mitchell, 1814) in Saskatchewan, Canada." Journal of Fish Diseases 38: 355-364.

  • Wilcox, Alana, Warnecke, Lisa, Turner, James M., McGuire, Liam P., Jameson, Joel W., Misra, Vikram, Bollinger, Trent K., Willis, Craig K. R. (2014). Behaviour of hibernating little brown bats experimentally inoculated with the pathogen that causes white-nose syndrome. Animal Behaviour 88, 157-164

  • Warnecke, Lisa,Turner, James M., Bollinger, Trent K., Misra, Vikram, Cryan, Paul M., Blehert, David S., Wibbelt, Gudrun, Willis, Craig K. R. (2013). Pathophysiology of white-nose syndrome in bats: a mechanistic model linking wing damage to mortality. Biology Letters 9 (4) UNSP 20130177

  • Matsumoto, T.;Samuel, M. D.; Bollinger, T; Pybus, M.; Coltman, D. (2013). Association mapping of genetic risk factors for chronic wasting in wild deer. Evolutionary Applications. 6 (2); 340-352.

  • L. Warnecke, J. M. Turner, T. K. Bollinger, J. M. Lorch, V. Misra, P. M. Cryan, G. Wibbelt, D. S. Blehert, C. K. R. Willis. (2012). Inoculation of bats with EuropeanGeomyces destructans supports the novel pathogen hypothesis for the origin of white-nose syndrome. PNAS 109 (18); 6999-7003.

  • E. R. Rees, E. H. Merrill, T. K. Bollinger, Y. T Hwang, M. J. Pybus, D. W. Coltman. (2012). Targeting the detection of chronic wasting disease use the hunter harvest during early phase of an outbreak in Saskatchewan, Canada. Preventative Veterinary Medicine 104 : 149-159.

  • E. R. Silbernagel, N. K. Skelton, C. L Waldner, T. K. Bollinger. August (2011). Interaction among Deer in a CWD Endemic Zone. Journal of Wildlife Management 75(6): 1453-1461.

  • M. W. Salles, S. F.E. Scholes, M. Dauber, G. Strebelow, C. Wojnarowicz, L. Hassard, A. C. Acton, and  T. K. Bollinger (2011). Porcine Teschovirus Polioencephalomyelitis in Western Canada. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 23(2):379-383.